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《国家通用手语常用词表》《国家通用盲文方案》发布有关问题解答

阅读() 发布时间: 2018-01-31

北京幸运28《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》《guojiatongyongmangwenfangan》fabuyouguanwentijieda

一、为什么要研制国家通用手语和国家通用盲文、发布《国家通用手语常用词表》《国家通用盲文方案》?

北京幸运28 da: 《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》《guojiatongyongmangwenfangan》youguojiayuyanwenzigongzuoweiyuanhuiguifanbiaozhunshendingweiyuanhuishending,jingjiaoyubu、guojiayuyanwenzigongzuoweiyuanhui、zhongguocanjirenlianhehuitongyi,zuoweiyuyanwenziguifanfabu。zheishiwoguoshouyuhemangwenguifanhuagongzuodezhongyaochengguohexindeyigelichengbei,weijinhoudeyingyongtuiguang、jichuyanjiu、rencaipeiyang、xuekebeijingxingyun28、shehuibeijingxingyun28dengdiandinglejianshijichu。

shouxian,yanzhiguojiatongyongshouyuheguojiatongyongmangwenshiyifaweihucanjirenyuyanwenziquanlidejutitixian。《guojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》guiding"gongminyouxuexiheshiyongguojiatongyongyuyanwenzidequanli"。dangranzheilideguojiatongyongyuyanwenzizhideshiputonghuaheguifanhanzi。danshiyouyutinglicanjirennanyishuoputonghua,shilicanjirennanyixieguifanhanzi。shouyuhemangwenshitamenshiyongdeteshuyuyanhewenzi。woguodiyuliaokuo、fangyanzhongduo,geditinglicanjirenshiyongdeshouyucunzaichayi,xianxingmangwenbiaodiaodebuguifanyejishilicanjirendexuexiyushenghuodailaibubian。"weigongminxuexiheshiyongguojiatongyongyuyanwenzitigongtiaojian"shi《guojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》fuyubeijingxingyun28dezhize,bixujiakuaiyanzhiguojiatongyongshouyuheguojiatongyongmangwen,shiqizuoweiguojiayuyanwenzigongzuodezhongyaozuchengbufenhebuchong,baozhangteshurenqunshixianshiyongguojiatongyongyuyanwenzidequanli。

qici,yanzhiguojiatongyongshouyuheguojiatongyongmangwenshiguancheluoshixinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiyuyanwenzigongzuohecanjirenshiyegexiangfangzhenzhengcedeshijixingdong。shishishang,congxinzhongguochengliyilai,shouyuhemangwendeguifanhuajiumeiyoutingzhiguo,yizhishoudaodanghezhengfudegaoduzhongshi。1958nian7yue,dangshidezhongguolongyarenfulihuichenglilelongrenshouyugaigeweiyuanhui,zaizhongguowenzigaigeweiyuanhuizhidaoxia,zheshoujinxinghanyushouzhizimufanganheshouyucihuideyanjiu,daobenshijichu,xiangjibianyinchubanle《longrenshouyucaotu》《longyarentongyongshouyucaotu》《longyarentongyongshouyutu》he《zhongguoshouyu》denggongjushu。mangwenfangmian,1949nianyiqianzhongguomeiyoutongyiguifandemangwen,shiyongbijiaoduodeshiyinanjinghuaweipinyinbiaozhunde"xinmukeming"mangzi。1952nian,jiaoyubumangyachuhuangnaidengtongzhizai"xinmukeming"mangzidejichushang,tichuleyibeifanghuaweijichu、yibeijingyinweibiaozhun、shixingfencilianxiedemangwenfangan,chengwei"xinmangzifangan",youcheng"xianxingmangwen"。1953nianyoujiaoyubugongbu,zaiquanguotuiguang。zaibudaobannianshijiannei,xunsuqudaileqitajizhongmangwen,chengweizhongguodalutongyiguifandemangrenwenzi。houlai,zaidangheguojiadezhongshixia,woguolaoyibeimangwenxianquouxinlixue,yecengduixianxingmangwenbuwanshanzhichujinxingguojiankudetansuo,conglilunshangjiejuemangwenduyinzhunqueheshengfangdewenti,weihouxudemangwenguifanhuagongzuotigonglebaoguidejingyan。dangdeshibadayilai,shouyuhemangwenguifanhuagongzuojinruyigezhanxinjieduan。yishinaruguojiayuyanwenzigongzuodaju,tongyiguihuabushu。《guojiazhongzhangqiyuyanwenzishiyegaigehefazhanguihuagangyao(2012-2020nian)》《guojiayuyanwenzishiye"shisanwu"fazhanguihua》douqiangdiao"shouyumangwenguifanshiguojiayuyanwenzigongzuodezhongyaoneirong",yaoqiu"jiakuaiyanzhiguojiatongyongshouyuhetongyongmangwenxilieguifanbiaozhun,guifanhetuiguangguojiatongyongshouyu、tongyongmangwen"。2010nian7yue,jiaoyubu、guojiayuwei、zhongguocanlianyituobeijingshifandaxuegongjianguojiashouyuhemangwenyanjiuzhongxin,jiaqiangshouyuhemangwengongzuodexiediaoguanli,cujinshouyuhemangwendeguifanyutuiguang。ershizuoweicanjirenshiyefazhandejichuxinggongzuo,congluoshixizongshuji"shixianxiaokang,canjirenyigebunengshao"degaodutichuyaoqiu。《guowuyuanguanyujiakuaituijincanjirenxiaokangjinchengdeyijian》yiji《"shisanwu"jiakuaicanjirenxiaokangjinchengguihuagangyao》zhongyaoqiu"zhidingshishiguojiashouyu、mangwenguifanhuaxingdongjihua,tuiguangguojiatongyongshouyuhetongyongmangwen,tigaoshouyu、mangwenxinxihuashuiping"。2015niandi,zhongguocanlian、jiaoyubu、guojiayuwei、guojiaxinwenchubanguangdianzongjulianheyinfale《guojiashouyuhemangwenguifanhuaxingdongjihua(2015-2020nian)》,mingqueleshouyuhemangwenguifanhuagongzuodemubiao、renwuhecuoshi。yinci,guojiatongyongshouyuhetongyongmangwendeyanzhibushilingqiluzao,yebushilingpixijing,ershizunzhaoyuyanwenziguilv,zaiguojiayuyanwenziguifanhuagongzuohecanjirenshiyefazhanzongtiyaoqiuxia,youjihua、youbuzhou、youmudejinxingde,shiduiyiwangshouyuhemangwenguifanhuachengguodejicheng、fazhanhewanshan。

北京幸运28 disan,yanzhiguojiatongyongshouyuheguojiatongyongmangwen,shijianchi"yirenminweizhongxin"defazhansixiang、duishizhanghetingzhangrenqunpoqiexuqiudehuiying。2011nian,jiaoyubu、guojiayuweihezhongguocanliangongtongweituoguojiashouyuhemangwenyanjiuzhongxinkaizhanlequanguoshouyu、mangwenshiyongzhuangkuangdechouyangdiaocha,duiquanguo18gesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi)de94suogejigeleitejiaoxuexiaofafangle17000fenwenjuan,huishoujin16000fen。diaochajieguoxianshi,shouyudongzuobuyizhihecihuiliangbuzushidangqianwoguotinglicanjirenhecanjirengongzuozheshouyushiyongzhongmianlindeliangdawenti。biaodatongyigainiandeshouyudongzuobuyizhi,daozhibutongquntizhijiandeshouyugoutongchanshengkunnan。59%chengnianlongrenhe82.8%longrengongzuozherenweiyoubiyaozhidingguojiatongyongshouyu,63.1%dechengnianlongrenhe85.2%delongrengongzuozhexiwangzhidingguojiatongyongshouyu。mangwenyueducunzai"duyin"、"fencilianxie"he"fenbianciyi"sandawenti,banshuyishangdeshilicanjixuesheng、jiaoshihechengnianshilicanjirenrenweixuyaowanshanmangwen。zhengshihuiyingguangdatingliheshilicanjirendepoqiexuyao,shiyingxiandaihua、xinxihuashidaideyaoqiu,manzutingli、shilicanjirenduimeihaoshenghuodezhuiqiu,guojiayuwei、zhongguocanlianqidongle《guojiatongyongshouyubiaozhun》《guojiatongyongmangwenbiaozhun》lianggezhongdaketi,zhongduozhuanjialishiqiniandeyanjiu、guifanyufanganshidian,bingjingzhuanjiaweiyuanhuiheguojiayuweipingshen,zuizhongxingchenglexianzaide《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》《guojiatongyongmangwenfangan》。

二、请介绍一下《国家通用手语常用词表》的研制过程。

da: 2010niandi,guojiatongyongshouyuyanjiubeilieweiguojiayuwei、zhongguocanlian"shierwu"keyanguihuanianduzhongdaxiangmu,yanjiudemubiaogaikuoqilaishi12gezi: zengjiaxinde、gaizhengcuode、shanchujiude。jiyaodaliangbuchongfanyingxiandaihua、xinxihua、chengzhenhuafazhanbianhuadeshouyuchangyongcishuliang,shizhinengjibenmanzutinglicanjirenxuexi、gongzuoherichangbeijingxingyun28dexuyao;yaoduiyuan《zhongguoshouyu》(2003nianxiudingchuban)shuzhongbufuhetinglicanjirenshouyubiaodaguilvhetediandedongzuojinxingxiuding;yaoshanchuyijingguoshidecimu。

guojiatongyongshouyudeyanjiu,benzheyuedingsucheng、jianmingyiyongdeyuyanwenziguifanhuaguilv,chongfenfahuiletinglicanjirendezhutizuoyong,tinglicanjirenzhanketizuchengyuanzongshude3/4。tamenshijingzhongguolongrenxiehuituijian,laiziquanguo12geshengshiyoudaibiaoxingdetinglicanjiren,tixianleshouyudediyishiyongzhe--tinglicanjirenzaiyanjiuzhongdezhutidiwei。tongshi,yuyanzhengceyanjiurenyuan、shuanshouyudegaoxiaokeyanrenyuanhelongxiaojiaoshicanyuqizhong。ketizujiyuzunzhongshouyudeshijueyuyandebiaodatedian,congbutongdejiaodubijiao、fenximeiyigeshouyudongzuo,zuizhongxingchenggongshi。

北京幸运28 zhenggeketigongzuolijing7nianshijian。2015niandixianshitongguoguojiayuwei、zhongguocanlianzuzhidezhuanjiazujietijianding。2016-2017nian,guojiatongyongshouyucihuifanganzaiquanguo15geshengjilongxie、18suozhaoshoulongshengdexuexiaojinxingshidian,youshangqianrencanyuqizhong。shidiandanweiduiguojiatongyongshouyucihuifangantichu2000duotiaoxiugaiyijianhejianyi。jingguofenxizhengli,ketizuxinalejinqiantiaoyijian,zuolejinyibuxiugaichongshiwanshan。zuizhongxuanzetinglicanjirenyuyanshenghuohelongjiaoyugongzuozhonggengchangyongdeshouyuci,xingchengle《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》。

三、《国家通用手语常用词表》的基本框架和主要特点是什么?

《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》youliangbufenneirongzucheng: yishishuomingcibiaoshiyongdefanwei、cibiaozhongsuoshiyongdeyixiehexinshuyudedingyi、shouyudongzuoxiantujiefuhaodeshiyanghehanyi、cibiaobianzhidejibenyuanzeheshiyongshuoming。ershianzhaoyinxupailiedecimu。

xiangjiaoyuyuan《zhongguoshouyu》,《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》mingxiandishoululeguangdatinglicanjirenxianshishenghuozhongguangfanshiyongdeshouyu,tihuanleguoquxuduohehanziyiyiduiyingdeshouyu,daliangjianshaoleshouzhizimudeshiyong,zhuyimiaoshushouyubiaodashititaidongzuohemianbubiaoqingdebianhua,zhongzaitixianshouyubiaoxingbiaoyideyuyantedian。zhengshiyouyuzheixieyuanyushenghuodeshouyu,shideguangdashiyongshouyudetinglicanjirenkandaotongyongshouyuhenqinqie、henxihuan,yeyuanyixuanchuanhetuiguang。

四、认识和使用《国家通用手语常用词表》需要注意哪些问题?

da: jiangshouyuguifannaruguojiayuweiyuyanwenziguifanbiaozhunfanchoushigaigekaifang40nianyilaidediyici。shouyudebiaodarutongyoushengyuyanyiyangfengfu、linghuo,naxieneirongshiyinaruguifanheruheguifanhaixuyaoshenruyanjiu。《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》zuoleyiciyouyiyidetansuo。shiyongzheyingyiyizhongfazhande、baorongdetaiduduidaicibiao。xianjieduanzaishiyong《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》shi,xuyaorenshihebawoyixiasigeguanxi:

北京幸运28 diyi,yaobawohaotongyongshouyuyudifangshouyudeguanxi。cibiaozhongsuochengxiandeshouyudongzuo,yaoqiushizaigongwuhuodong、xuexiaojiaoyu、dianshimeiti、tushuchuban、gonggongbeijingxingyun28、xinxichulidengchanghehuolingyuyijijinhouzaiguojiajuxingdeshouyushuipingdengjikaohezhongshiyong,bingweixianzhihejinzhibutongyucibiaodedifangshouyuzaiqitachanghehelingyuzhongshiyong。suoyi,guojiatongyongshouyuyudifangshouyurengjiangzhangqigongcun。tongguotuiguang,yindaotinglicanjirengengduodishiyongtongyongshouyuxuyaojidairendenuli。

北京幸运28 dier,yaobawohaotinglicanjirenshenghuoshouyuhexuexiaojiaoxueshouyudeguanxi。《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》tebietidao"qiutongcunyi"he"youlijiaoxue"dewenti。duibiaodatongyishiwu、gainiandeshouyucihui,cunzaidiyuchayihuoyouduozhongdafade,《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》yibingliedefangshi,erweicaiquzhicaiyongyizhongdafadepaitaxingzuofa。tongshi,jiangyixiebushuyutinglicanjirenshenghuochangyongcifanchou,danxuexiaojiaoyuzhongbixushiyongdeshouyuchangyongciyelieru《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》,yibaozhengzuoweiyuyangongjudeshouyubixufahuidelideshurendezuoyong。

disan,yaobawohaoshouyucihuixueyuyongdeguanxi。《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》dierbufensuochengxiandejinjinshiyigeyigecideshouyudongzuo,eryunyongzheixiecixuyaotongguobutongdejushi。ruyuyanxuesuobiyude,cishi"zhuan",yaotongguoyufa(jijushi)caineng"gaiqifangzi"。shouyuyufayouqizishendeguilvhetedian,yuyoushengyuyanyouxuduochayi。yinci,xuyaolingwaidezhuanmenxuexi。zuoweishouyudechuxuezhe,tebieshijiantingren,yidingbunengyiweijiang《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》zhongdeyouguancianzhaoshuohuadeyuxudachulaijiushizhangwoleshouyu,zheishiwujie。

北京幸运28 disi,yaobawohao《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》yuqitaguojiatongyongshouyugongjushudeguanxi。qianmiantidao,《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》qishoulucimuxuanziguojiatongyongshouyucihuifangan,danhaizhishiguojiatongyongshouyucihuifanganzhongdeyibufen。guojiatongyongshouyucihuifanganshigetixi,xuyaohangaigegefangmian,bingqiesuizheshehuishenghuodebianhuabuduandiaozhengfengfu。yinci,youguanfangmianhaijiangluxuchubanguojiatongyongshouyudeqitagongjushu。youxie《guojiatongyongshouyuchangyongcibiao》weishourudecimushouyu,zaiqitagongjushuzhongkenengchuxian。yinci,duzhehaiyaogenjuzishendexuyaoquguanzhuguojiatongyongshouyudeqitagongjushu。

五、请介绍一下国家通用盲文的研制过程。

da: 2010niandi,guojiatongyongmangwenyanjiubeilieweiguojiayuwei、zhongguocanlian"shierwu"keyanguihuanianduzhongdaxiangmu,yanjiudezhuyaorenwushichongfenxishouzhongwaixianyoumangwendeyoudian,diaozhengxianxingmangwenbiaodiaoguize,shixianquanmianbiaodiao,bingtongguojianxiejianshaopianfu。

ketizuyidingliangyanjiuweijichu、dingxingyanjiuweizhudao,tongguowenjuandiaocha、zhuanjiafangtan、xianchangfangtan、dianhuazixundengfangshikaizhanguojiatongyongmangwendeyanzhi。

dingliangyanjiufangmian。yihanyumangwenhexiandaihanyushujukuchengguoweijichu,xingchenglebenyanjiudegaopincicibiao(37200ci)、hanyuceshicailiao(1500wanzi)、mangwenceshicailiao(500wanfang)。yihanzi、shiyouyinjie、jibenyinjieyijianshengmufenzudeshengdiaoshiyongpinlvweijichushuju,jinxingleshangyitiaoshujuyunsuan。

zaidingxingyanjiuguochengzhong,gaoduzhuzhongmangwenshiyongzhedezhutidiwei。ketizuhexinchengyuanzhongshilicanjirenzhuanjiachaoguo2/3,fenbielaizizhongguomangxie、difangmangxie、zhongguomangwenchubanshe、shanghaimangxiao(boaimangwenyinshuachang)、beijingmangxiaodengdanwei。ketizuyidingliangyanjiushujuweizhongyaocankao,zhaokailebaiyuciyantaohui,fanfushaixuanbijiao,xianhouxingchengguosanlei12gefangan。

北京幸运28 2015niandi,ketitongguoleguojiayuwei、zhongguocanlianzuzhidezhuanjiazujietijianding。2016-2017nian,zaiquanguo9suomangxiao、2suogaodengteshujiaoyubeijingxingyun28、9geshengjimangxie、2gemangwenchubandanweijinxingshidian。shidiandanweilaizibutongfangyanqu,quyufenbuguang,daibiaoxingqiang。zaijinliangniandeshidianjichushang,2017nian10yue,ketizuhezhongguomangxiegongtongzhaokaileguojiatongyongmangwenshidianzongjiejiguojiatongyongmangwenfanganxiudingyantaohui,wanchengle《guojiatongyongmangwenfangan(songshengao)》,houjingzhuanjiaweiyuanhuishenpingheguojiayuweishending,zuizhongquedingle《guojiatongyongmangwenfangan》。

六、《国家通用盲文方案》的主要特点是什么?

北京幸运28 da: (yi)xinjiuxianjie。

《guojiatongyongmangwenfangan》yanyonglexianxingmangwendeshengmu、yunmu、shengdiaohebiaodianfuhao,meiyougaibian、shanjianhuozengjiarenheyigefuhao,zhishiwanshanlexianxingmangwenbiaodiaoguize,guifanleshengdiaofuhaodeyongfa,shiduixianxingmangwendejichenghefazhan。tabaochilemangwendewendingxing,baozhanglemangrenwenhuadechuanchengxing。guojiatongyongmangwennenggouyuxianxingmangwenpingwen、shunlidishixianxinjiuguodu,zuodao"xuexinhuijiu、dongjiushixin"。xuexileguojiatongyongmangwenderen,ruguoyaoyueduyiqianjiubanxianxingmangwenshuji,wuxuzhunbeixingxuexi。

(er)duyinzhunque。

duyinzhunqueshixiugaibiaodiaoguizedeshouyaomubiao。guojiatongyongyuyanshiyoushengdiaodeyuyan,shengdiaozaiyinjiezhongyouqubieyiyidezuoyong。biaoyindeguojiatongyongmangwen,shengdiaobixuzhunque。guoqu60nianshijianzhongyudaodeduyinbuzhun、ciyibuqingwenti,zhuyaoyuanyubiaodiaolvdihebiaodiaodebuyizhi。bubiaodiaodeciyu,suirantongguoshangxiawenyujingnenggouqueding,huozhecaiduchuyibufen,danshibushuxideci、xincidengjiunanyicaichu。yilaishangxiawenquedinghuozhecaidushengdiaohenduoshihoushibukekaode,guojiatongyongmangwenbixushixianduyinzhunque。

(san)shengshishengfang。

北京幸运28 chujuedeganzhitedianjuedinglezuoweichujuewenzidemangwenbixujianjie,jinkenengditigaomangwenyueduheshuxiesudu,tongguoshengfangjinershengshi,zheishimangwendegongxing。yingyumangwenzouzaileqianmian,youbijiaochengshudeliangjijianxiefangan。

zizibiaodiaonenggoujiejueduyinbuzhundewenti,tianpingyuanlaijisuanjibunengkuaguode"cai"dehonggou,keyixiaochuxianxingmangwenxinxihuayizhicunzaidejudazhangai。danshi,zaizhijiezhishangzhijiezizibiaodiaodaliangzengjiamangwenfangshu,yumangwenjianjiedegongxingbeidaoerchi。poqiexuyaotongguoshengxiebufenshengdiao,jiejuepianfurongzhangwenti,zuidaxiandudishengshishengfang,tishengyueduyushuxiexiaolv。

(si)liyuxinxihua。

tongyongmangwenbenzhishangshizizibiaodiaode,zaijisuanjihoutaimeigezidoudaidiao(zhishizaizhizhibandemangwenzhongyoushengxie),zheiweimangwendejisuanjilangdutigonglekekaodejichu。xianxingmangwenyuanlai"xuyaoshibiaodiao"duijisuanjilaishuoshiwufashixiandemubiao,tongyongmangwendeshengxieguizedoushijisuanjikezhixingdekeguanguize,hanmangfanyimeiyoulewufashixiandemubiao。youyutongyongmangwenzizidaidiao,manghanfanyidenandudadajiangdi,zhunquelvnenggoudafudutigao。gengjinyibu,guojiatongyongmangwenyouliyushixianyuqitahanyumangwenxianghuzhuanhuan。

七、下一步推广和使用《国家通用手语常用词表》和《国家通用盲文方案》有什么计划?

da: zhongguocanlianzhengzaihuitongjiaoyubu、guojiayuweiheguojiaguangdianzongjuzhidingguojiatongyongshouyuheguojiatongyongmangwentuiguangfangan,jiangyitejiaoyuanxiaohegonggongbeijingxingyun28lingyuweizhongdian,zhuazhuchubandanwei、xinwenchuanbodengguanjianhuanjie,tuposhehuishangtingliheshilicanjirenzheigenandian,tongguoguganpeixun、kaishekecheng、wanshanxiangguanguifan、jianlifanyiduiwu、dajianxuexipingtai,kaifaxinxihuaxuexichanpindengxingshi,youbuzhou、fenjieduandituiguangguojiatongyongshouyuhemangwen。beijingxingyun28haijiangshishigongtongzhaokaidianshidianhuahuiyi,jutibushutuiguanggongzuo。


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